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What Type of Doctor Do I Need

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If you have been in an personal injury accident and have been injured, its likely you'll need medical care or treatment. Finding the right doctor to treat your injury can be difficult; however you should always speak with your primary care physician. Your doctor should be able to explain what type of doctor you will need for your issue. In many cases, your doctor may be able to recommend a specific doctor to service your needs. Below is a list of different types of doctors and their functions. Use this list to help you get a general idea of what type of doctor you may need. Keep in mind this is general purposes only and you should speak with your primary care physician for their professional opinion. 

If you have been injured in a accident and you would like to discuss your options with a New York personal injury lawyer; please contact us. Pulvers, Pulvers & Thompson has over 70 years of experience and there are no fees for consultations.


Audiologists: Are medical doctors that help patients with different ear problems. They also help children who are either deaf or mute learn to communicate.

Allergists: Are doctors that treat different kinds of allergies and immune system disorders like hay fever, asthma, etc.

Andrologists: Are doctors that perform laboratory evaluations of male fertility.

Anesthesiologists: Are doctors that administer anesthesia and anesthetic medicines. They help facilitate treatment, diagnosis of medical conditions, and surgeries without the patient having to feel pain associated with the surgery.

Cardiologists: Are doctors that specialize with issues related to the heart. They diagnose and treat heart diseases and cardiovascular diseases.

Dentists: These doctors deal with oral health, teeth and dental problems like cavities and bleeding gums. They treat gum diseases, straighten teeth, carry out root canals, and other issues related to the mouth.

Dermatologists: Are doctors that deal with the skin as well as its appendages such as nails, hair and sweat glands.

Emergency Doctors: Are that offer their services in the emergency room and are on call 24/7. They treat various emergency cases that vary from poisoning, broken bones, burns, heart attack, and anything and everything that can be termed as a medical emergency Typically a person will only utilize this type of doctor during emergency situations.

Endocrinologists: Are doctors that specialize in diabetes, the thyroid, and the endocrine gland.

ENT Doctors: Are doctors that treat the ear, nose and throat, as well as to some extent some ailments of the head and the neck. This field is also known as otolaryngology.

Epidemiologists: Are doctors that study of diseases to determine ways to prevent diseases through vaccinations and other methods.

Family Practitioners: Are doctors that specialize in providing comprehensive, continuous healthcare for all family members, regardless of age or sex.

Gastroenterologists: Are doctors that study diseases of digestive system and gives treatment related to the gastroenterology.

Gynecologists: Are doctor that study and treat diseases of the female reproductive system.

Hematologists: Are doctors that specialize in diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs.

Hepatologists: Are doctors that specialize in liver diseases as well as gallbladder, and pancreas disorders.

Immunologists: Are doctors that study all aspects of the immune system in all organisms and gives treatment to diseases of the immune system.

Infectious Disease Specialists: Are doctors that study and treat diseases that are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites. These specialists are usually based within the hospital and are involved in a lot of research work.

Internal Medicine Specialists: Are doctors that provide diagnosis, management and non-surgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases. These specialists are usually found working in hospitals as intensivists.

Internists: Are doctors that focus on adult medicine and have completed a special study related to the prevention and treatment of adult diseases.

Medical Geneticists: Are doctors that carry out studies, tests, treatments and counseling patients with genetic diseases.

Microbiologists: Are doctors that study causes, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases.

Neonatologists: Are doctors that provide medical care to premature and critically ill newborn babies.

Nephrologists: Are doctors that treat kidney diseases and problems.

Neurologist: Are doctors that diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system, such as headache, epilepsy, numbness, Parkinson's disease, and loss of movement or memory, etc...

Neurosurgeons: Are surgeons that treat central and peripheral nervous system diseases that can be cured or controlled to some extent with mechanical intervention.

Obstetricians: Are doctors that are experts with childbirth, C-sections, gynecological surgeries like hysterectomy, surgical removal of ovarian tumors, examination of the pelvic region, PAP smears, prenatal care, etc.

Oncologists: Are doctors that specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

Ophthalmologist: Are doctors that takes care of eyes and treats various eye problems and performs different eye surgeries.

Orthopedic Surgeons: Are doctors that concerned with the skeletal system of the human body, that is, bones. These doctors make no bones about broken, fractured or arthritis struck bones.

Perinatologists: Are doctors that are experts in caring and treating high risk pregnancies.

Paleopathologists: Are doctors that study diseases and the structural and functional changes of disease in ancient human bones.

Parasitologists: Are doctors that study of parasites, their biology and pathology, as well as the parasitic diseases caused by them.

Pathologists: Are doctors that practice, evaluate, and/or supervise diagnostic tests, and who conducts experiments or other investigations to determine the causes or nature of diseases. Pathologists usually do not come in contact with the patients directly as their work is mostly lab work. They are usually referred to as a 'doctor's doctor' since they speak to doctors of the patients rather than the patients themselves.

Pediatricians: Are doctors that study and treat medical problems of infants, children, and adolescents.

Physiologists: Are doctors that study the function of body systems such as the respiratory system and organs such as the heart and muscles

Physiatrists: Are doctors that specialize in rehabilitation and functional deficits that might occur following a major injury or illness.

Plastic Surgeons: Are doctors dealing with the repair or replacement of malformed, injured, or lost organs or tissues of the body, chiefly by the transplant of living tissues. They also perform cosmetic surgery to repair skin and structural imperfections that a patient is uncomfortable living with.

Podiatrists: Are doctors that study and treat disorders of the foot and ankle.

Psychiatrists: Are doctors that specialize in psychiatry. They diagnose and treat mental illness and behavioral disorders.

Pulmonologists: Are doctors that specialize in the diagnoses and treatment of breathing issues and lung conditions.

Radiologists: Are doctors that have special training in reading x-rays and other types of diagnostic imaging studies, for example, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging.

Rheumatologists: Are doctors that deal mainly with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis, and heritable connective tissue disorders.

Surgeons: Are doctors that perform operations on almost all parts of the body. Surgery may be utilized to diagnose illness, remove or repair tissue, repair injuries, or correct malfunctioning parts.

Urologists: Are doctors that study the urinary system and treat disorders of the urinary tract or urogenital system.

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